The Science Behind The Performance
There are multiple approaches to electrolyte supplementation in sport, but these primarily focus on a few electrolytes such as sodium (Na), potassium (K), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg), with some also containing vitamins, carbohydrates and artificial sweeteners.
You don’t perceive thirst until dehydration has resulted in water losses of 2% body weight, which equates to a 10% loss in performance. Ensuring an athlete is fully hydrated before training and competing is crucial for maximising performance.
Complete hydration is the key to enable the cells to function properly. The cells require the correct composition of all minerals and trace elements to hold on to intracellular water and achieve cellular hydration.
Hydration is one of the most important aspects for maximising performance, supporting all other factors of speed, strength, stamina, concentration, immunity and recovery. Minerals and trace elements are essential for them all.
Electrolyte supplements that contain only 5 or 6 electrolytes fail to allow for the importance of the rest of the electrolytes required for effective and efficient hydration. Although macro-minerals such as magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), chlorine (Cl) and sodium (Na) are considered to be of primary importance, trace elements are just as necessary to enable the function of the macrominerals whilst having their own functions. The interrelation between all the minerals and trace elements explains why supplementing with only a few electrolytes unbalances the homeostasis and compromises the body’s ability to utilise the rest of the electrolytes to maximum advantage for hydration.
PROVEN PERFORMANCE, DRIVEN BY SCIENCE
INTENSE EXERCISE = ELECTROLYTE LOSSES
Intense exercise results in the loss of water and electrolytes, from the cells as sweat, water vapour via breathing and via the kidneys into the bladder as urine. Inadequate water intake during prolonged training sessions can result in several physiological effects, including increased heart rate and raised core body temperature. An increase in core body temperature may be a factor in causing muscle fatigue and reducing nerve function. Drinking water might appear to be the only solution, but without the full cellular complement of minerals and trace elements, the cells and circulation struggle to hold on to water. Drinking just water predisposes the body to further dehydration and a higher risk of cramp, muscle injuries and electrolyte disorders.
When all minerals and trace elements play a part in all levels of hydration and metabolism it is not sufficient to only replace a few of them. Unlike hydration products based on only a few electrolytes that are mostly involved in hydration of the circulation only, Totum Sport supports all aspects of hydration in all compartments in the body which supports a higher level of metabolism, preserves blood glucose, delays the switch to anaerobic metabolism which reduces lactate production and helps minimise muscle fatigue and injury. This is only possible by the presence of all 78 elements in the right proportions and in bioavailable form.